HOTEL OLD PRAGUE TOWN
Prague Old Town Hotel Betlem Club
Betlem Club Hotel is located in the heart of Old Town Prague. Charles Bridge and Old Town Square are just 5 minutes walking. Near are Hradcany, the Prague Castle, the Jewish Quarter, the Royal Way, Bethlehem Chapel and all the other landmarks of the Old Town of Prague.
Old Town Prague
Old Town Prague (Czech: Staré Město Praha) also was called City of Prague or Old Town of Prague. It is a historical part of Prague, district on the right bank of the Vltava River and part of Prague 1. Inside the Old Town is the "Jewish Town" - Josefov. Part of the Old Town is also an Střelecký Ostrov.
History of the Prague Old Town
Settlement in the Old Town dates back to prehistoric times - the first archaeologically documented settlement are from the period from 7 thousand years ago. There reside the Celts, Germans, and roughly from 6 century on the bank of Vltava settled Slavs. In the place where now stands St. Vitus Cathedral and Prague Castle on the headland above the Vltava named Žiži, was a stone princely throne on which the enthronement ceremony took place elected Czech princes.
In the 10th century was the center of Old Prague Premyslid Christian state. During the 12th century, there was already a number of stone buildings and the first stone bridges. In the 13th and 14 century burgesses and guilds increasingly gaining power and influence, which ultimately leads to building the Old Town Hall on the Old Town Square , on which is famous Old Town Prague Astronomical Clock.
In the 14th century by Charles IV. founded the New Town of Prague, Lesser Town (Czech. Malá Strana) today. Here moved a lot less wealthy burghers. At the end of the 14 century, the Old Town became the center of the reform movement, led by Jan Hus, Jerome of Prague and other university masters. In 1784 during the reign of Joseph II. yet separate Old Town became part of the Royal Capital City of Prague.
Privileges and significance of the Prague Old Town
In the history had Prague Old Town a number of rights and privileges. The townsfolk of Old Town Prague, for example, controlled the entire Charles Bridge, which connected the Old and New Town. Here they colected duties and taxes on goods from the Jews. During the war, the Old Town folks was also treated as a when when they was captured. Even today, there are many expensive real estate and addresses of the Old Town are considered prestigious.
Prague's Old Town - Places of interest
Among the greatest sights of the Old Town are the Old Town Square, where is the Old Town Hall with its famous Astronomical Clock. Old Town and Lesser Town connecting Charles Bridge. Royal Route, around which are most famous landmarks, leads from the Powder Tower, Celetna Street, Old Town Square, Karlova Street and then to the Charles Bridge, where continues through the Lesser Town to the Prague Castle. Old Town has even today a unique atmosphere of mysticism and history and its Gothic and Baroque churches, winding streets and storied place, inviting for walks.